《黄钟》编辑部
【中国音乐史】北魏乐籍制度考——兼论“乐籍”概念的界定
2016-11-02  来源:  点击数:

刘 薇

摘要:北魏乐籍制度中乐人是由官方严格控制的贱人群体,且其主体是具有礼乐意义的战俘及驱掠人口。而与法典化同时发生的是该制度由盛转衰,故而北魏官方开始招募乐人,这一途径成为唐中期以后国家乐工的主要来源。“乐籍”一词的含义与乐籍制度盛衰息息相关,在该制度渐趋完善鼎盛之魏晋南北朝隋唐之际,“乐籍”乃指这一官贱民身份制度;唐中期以后乐籍制度衰落,并非国家重要制度,此时“乐籍”回归字面本意,乃指乐人之籍属。

关键词:北魏;乐籍;制度;概念

Textual Research on the System of Registered Musician in the Northern Wei Dynasty

— And on Definition of "Yueji" Concept

LIU Wei

Abstract: The system of registered musician start in the Eastern Han Dynasty, which is codification, happened after the first year of Jianyi in the late Northern Wei Dynasty. Those registered musician were strictly controlled, who were prisoners. The system from the developed to the decline accompanied by codification. Officials are starting to recruit musician, which gradually became the main way after Mid Tang Dynasty. The meaning of "yueji" was related to the system. On the occasion of the perfection of the system, "yueji" is status system of the official pariah; when the system had declined after Mid Tang Dynasty decline, "yueji" is the household registration musician.

Key Words: the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-557), yueji, system, concept

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