《黄钟》编辑部
【中国音乐史】宋代鼓吹导引套曲考证
2016-06-26  来源:  点击数:

孙晓辉

摘要:宋代鼓吹导引套曲是以《导引》、《六州》、《十二时》三调为主干曲调“合曲之体例”的套曲组合。宋代鼓吹套曲组合主要有三种:一是始于宋太祖时期的《导引》、《六州》、《十二时》三调连用;二是始于宋仁宗的《导引》、《六州》、《十二时》《奉禋歌》四调四曲套曲;三是始于宋神宗熙宁十年南郊鼓吹的《六州》、《十二时》、《奉禋歌》、《降仙台》、《导引》五调五曲组合,其后南宋皆准此模式。

关键词:宋代;鼓吹;合曲;导引;六州

Textual Research of Guchui Daoyin Cycle in Song Dynasty

SUN Xiao-hui

Abstract:That the guchuan daoyin cycle in Song Dynasty is a combination of cycle, which being a “style of hequ(combination of musical works) taken three tunes of Daoyin, Liuzhou, and Shier Shi as main melodies. The combination of guchuicycle mainly had three kinds in Song Dynasty: first one for three tunes of Daoyin, Liuzhou and Shier Shi used together began in the period of Song Taizu (927-976); secondly was a combination of four tunes of Daoyin, Liuzhou, Shier Shi and Feng Yin Ge started in the period of Song Renzong(1010-1063); the third one was nanjiao guchui, combination of five tunes of Liuzhou, Shier Shi, Feng Yin Ge, Jiang Xian Tai and Daoyin, began during the tenth year (1077) of Xining of Song Shenzong, after that the whole South Song have been followed this pattern.

Key Words: Song Dynasty (960-1279), guchui (a kind of music generally played with the percussion and blowing instrument), hequ (combination of musical works), daoyin (guide), Liuzhou

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