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【西方音乐史】论歌剧《玫瑰骑士》中三位主要角色的主导动机对塑造人物性格的作用

张慧娟

摘要:理查·施特劳斯与霍夫曼斯塔尔在其代表作《玫瑰骑士》中塑造了多个性格各异、形象鲜明的角色。本文分析了剧中三位主要人物:玛莎琳、奥克斯、奥克塔维安的性格特征,并将这一综合体分解、还原成歌剧中的各种构成要素,加以分析、观察。以期对这些人物,进而对该剧有更透彻的认识。其中,笔者着重分析了主导动机对塑造人物性格所起到的作用。

关键词:歌剧;玫瑰骑士;理查·施特劳斯;主导动机;人物性格

On the Role of Three Major Characters Leitmotif Shaping Characters in the Opera “Der Rosenkavalier

ZHANG Hui-juan

Abstract: Der Rosenkavalier (The Knight of the Rose), Op. 59, is a comic opera in three acts by Richard Strauss to an original German libretto by Hugo von Hofmannsthal, which creating a plurality of roles with different characters and distinctive figures. This paper analyzes the three main characters: their personalities of The Marschallin, Baron Ochs auf Lerchenau, Octavian, and disintegrated this complex to reduced to various components of the opera to analyze and observe. It will help to thorough understand these roles, even the whole opera. Among them, the author focuses on the analysis of the role of the leitmotif shaping characters.

Key Words: opera, Der Rosenkavalier (The Knight of the Rose) , Richard Strauss (1864-1949), leitmotif (leading motif), character