《黄钟》编辑部
【民族音乐学】汉水流域传统音乐文化形成的历史地理背景
2016-05-18  来源:  点击数:

张晓虹

摘要:汉水流域地处我国南北自然地理分界线——秦岭淮河一线以南,地跨湖北、陕西、河南三省地域。该区域传统音乐文化具有地域特征鲜明、并兼具南北过渡风格的特点,但同时内部音乐文化景观也存在一定的地域差异。汉水流域这一传统音乐文化地理格局的形成,是受到当地上、中、下游不同的地貌类型、区域内方言的地理分布格局、明清时期统县政区的设置、东西南北贯通的交通区位和明清时期荆楚移民运动共同作用的结果。

关键词:传统音乐;文化景观;历史地理背景;汉水流域

Historical and Geographical Background Formation of Traditional Music Culture of the Hanjiang River Basin

ZHANG Xiao-hong

Abstract: The Hanjiang River basin located in China’s North-South natural geographical boundary — south the line of Qinling Mountains and Huaihe River, across Hubei, Shaanxi and Henan provinces area. The traditional music of this geographical area has distinctive features and characteristics of both the north and south transition style, but there are some regional differences existed in the internal landscape of music culture. The formation of this traditional music and cultural geography of the Hanjiang River basin are result of joint actions: the different landforms located in the upper, middle and lower reaches, geographic distribution pattern of regional dialects, setting of county administrative region in Ming and Qing Dynasties, the traffic location extend in all directions, as well as the Jingchu migratory movements in the period of Ming and Qing Dynasties.

Key Words: traditional music, cultural landscape, historical and geographical background, Hanjiang River basin

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