Research in Detail Of Tune of Meng Jiangnü “Ni MuQu” with its Variant
Abstract:The story of Meng Jiangnü has spread from the Spring and Autumn Period till today. The folk songs around the story of Meng Jiangnü gradually form an unique tune of Meng Jiangnü. With nearly 370 tunes of Meng Jiangnü in the Collection of Chinese Folk Songs as score materials, this paper analyzed their melodies in details and got rationality that Jiangsu folk song Meng Jiangnü being the “ni mu qu” of this series tunes. Further summarized studied several variants of the tune, it concluded that the “unchanged” element being the “characteristic tone” and “arrival point of each sentence” for judging a song whether belong to the tune of Meng Jiangnü; and on the basis of “unchanged” summed up the different variant forms of the tune of Meng Jiangnü. This study, sorting out the evolution and differentiation layout of the folk songs share the same clans, is an important complement to the cultural phenomenon of Meng Jiangnü.
Key Words: tune of Meng Jiangnü, ni mu qu, variant, Jiangsu folk song Meng Jiangnü