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【“第三届全国音乐分析学学术研讨会”专栏】音乐分析教学锁议

高为杰

摘要:本文拟从四个方面介绍笔者在音乐分析教学中的一些个人思考,其一,关于曲式结构,引导学生理解上下文的关系,比较其相似性与差异性,从写作上来体会曲式结构“变化与统一”的逻辑性;其二,关于细节与整体,要理解作品中音乐事件之间的相互关系,从而把握并解读作品整体的意义;其三,关于陈述结构,曲式结构形同骨架,陈述结构类似血肉,陈述功能的层次性与阶段性对整体曲式结构的进程构成具有特别重要的意义;其四,关于音乐材料,音乐分析尤其是现代音乐分析除了揭示其中极其复杂的隐藏于深层的音高材料外,还要重视音乐材料的形态、演化与组织过程的解读。

关键词:曲式;细节与整体;陈述结构;音乐材料

On Teaching of Music Analysis

GAO Wei-jie

Abstract: This paper from four aspects described the author’s some personal reflection of teaching music analysis. First one, about form structure, it should guide students to comprehend the relationship of context, to compare their similarities and differences, through writing to experience the logic of form structure “changing and unifying”; Secondly, with regard to the detail and whole, it should understand the interrelationship of the music events in the works, thus to grasp and analysis with understanding the significance of the whole works; Thirdly, for progression structure, the form structure like framework, while the progression structure similar to flesh out, the level and stage of progression function had a special significance to the process of the whole form structure; Fourth, on the music material, the music analysis especially the modern music analysis that in addition to reveal the extremely complex pitch material hidden deeply,but also pay addition to analysis and understanding the music materials with its shapes, evolution and organizational processes.

Key Words: music forms, detail and whole, progression structure, musical materials