《黄钟》编辑部
【中西音乐史】佛教用乐与宫廷典礼用乐的亲缘研究
——以五台山佛教与明清宫廷典礼用乐为例的考辨
2016-02-22  来源:  点击数:

孙 云

摘要:佛教没有独立于世俗社会的音乐创作体系,拿来主义与国家敕赐乐曲所形成的“俗曲佛用”是其创作的主要传统并引发了佛教用乐与宫廷典礼用乐的关联,明清之前乐谱无载屏障了比较分析的可能。明代永乐皇帝亲颁由世俗曲调改编创作的《诸佛世尊如来菩萨尊者名称歌曲》彰显出佛教用乐与明清宫廷典礼用乐千丝万缕的缔结,五台山佛教与明清宫廷典礼用乐曲谱的比较佐证了两种不同功能用乐的亲缘。一曲多用,引发了多种用乐之间的关联,蒙蔽了其真正的来源与文化归属,亦造就同名同曲被赋予多种类分的现状。

关键词:佛教用乐;宫廷典礼用乐;五台山佛教;诸佛世尊如来菩萨尊者名称歌曲;亲缘;一曲多用

Research on the Relationship between Buddhism Music and the Music for Palace Ceremony

SUN Yun

Abstract: Buddhism does not have music creation system independent of the secular community, “take-ism” and national given music formed “secular music used for Buddhism”, which was a main tradition for its creation and triggered a relationship between Buddhism music and the music for palace ceremony. Since no music sheet materials existed before the Dynasties Ming and Qing, it could not make the comparative analysis. The Emperor Yongle of Ming Dynasty issued Zhu FoShizunRulaiPusaZunzheMingchengGequ (The Song of the Name of Bodhisattva Tathagata), which adapted from secular tune, highlighted intricate relationship between Buddhism music and the music for palace ceremony, compared the music sheets of Wutai Mountain Buddhism and the music for palace ceremony in the Dynasties Ming and Qing evidenced the kinship between the music usage with two different functions. That more than one use of a song triggered a relationship among multi usages of music, which blinded by its true origin and cultural affiliation, and it also made current situation of the same tune classified differently.

Key Words: Buddhism music, music for palace ceremony, Wutai Mountain Buddhism, relationship, more than one use of a song

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