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【中西音乐史】中世纪音乐中的男声歌唱及其历史地位

曹 慧

摘要:中世纪音乐的基石男声歌唱,既是教会音乐的主体,又是世俗音乐的主流。从中世纪教会音乐兴起的男声合唱,是欧洲近现代合唱艺术的先声;从男声歌唱培训起步的中世纪教会音乐学校,是欧洲近现代音乐教育体制的先驱。文章试以中世纪教会音乐的发展为主要线索,力求探讨男声歌唱在中世纪音乐历史进程中的特殊价值,及其对后世音乐发展所产生的积极影响。

关键词:男声歌唱;中世纪音乐;唱诗班;早期合唱艺术;教会音乐学校

Male Voice Singing in the Medieval Music and its Historical Status

CAO Hui

Abstract: The male voice singing, the main cornerstone of Medieval music, is the main body of churchmusic and meanwhile also the mainstream of secular music. The male choralraised from Medieval church music being the precursor of the modern chorus in Europe; starting from the male voice singing of Medieval church music school was a pioneer of modern music education system in Europe. In a positive impactof development of Medieval church music as the main clue, this paper explored the special value of male voice singing in the musical historical process in the Medieval, as well as its positive impact on the later music development.

Key Words: male voice singing, medieval music, choir, early choral art, music school of church