Study on the Music Temperament of Myanmar Traditional HsaíngWaíng Instrument
Abstract: The melodic fixed pitch idiophones is a salient features of traditional musical instruments in Southeast Asian countries. Even this kind of idiophones in Southeast Asian countries are similar with the shape structures, but their music temperament and scale structure are very different. The hsaingwaing is a traditional Burmese folk musical ensemble, its musical temperament of melodic fixed pitch idiophones embodies the musical temperament thinking and pitch ideas of Myanmarnation. Through making an on-the-spot investigation and measurement of musical temperament of puppet theater, traditional music school, and five folk hsaingwaing ensembles in Myanmar Mandalay, the data analysis showed that there had been a uniform scale structure for Myanmar traditional musical temperament, with each interval not a certain precise fixed pitch value, or the pitch relationship among each pitch class fluctuates slightly. This scale structure had nothing to do with the so-called seven-note equidistant tuning.
Key Words: hsaíngwaíng instrument, scale structure, fluctuation pitch, non-exact major and minor second intervals