【民族音乐学】主客位视角下科尔沁短调民歌的分类研究-武汉音乐学院
《黄钟》编辑部
【民族音乐学】主客位视角下科尔沁短调民歌的分类研究
2016-02-22  来源:  点击数:

佟占文

摘要:文章就科尔沁蒙古族短调民歌的主客位分类,即科尔沁蒙古族人自己的分类和音乐工作者分类进行了归纳和总结。科尔沁人自己根据歌唱对象不同将短调民歌主要分成3类,即:人对神的歌唱、人对人的歌唱、人对畜的歌唱;而音乐工作者因分类依据不同,归纳起来有6个方面,即旋律形态、题材内容、演唱风格、演唱形式、历史时期、篇幅大小。

关键词:科尔沁;蒙古族;短调民歌;分类;主位;客位

On the Classification Research of Horqin Short Song

TONG Zhan-wen

Abstract: This article summarized the host-position-classification and guest-position-classification of Horqin Mongol ethnic short song, which was one classification by Horqin Mongolian people own and another classification by musicians. According to the different singing objects, the Horqin people divided the short song of folk into 3 categories: human singing to the God, human singing to people, humansinging to livestock; while according to classification of a different basis, the musicians summarized to 6 aspects: melody patterns, subject content, singing styles, performance ways, historical periods, and space size.

Key Words: Horqin, Mongol ethnic, short song of folk, classification, host-position, guest-position

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