On “Shang Shang Mu” on the Yanzhang Bells of King of Chu
Abstract: There were two Yanzhang Bells of king of Chu found in Anlu, Hubei area in Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127), and their chronicle of inscriptions were same with those on Yanzhang Bo of king of Chu unearthed from the tomb of Marquis Yi of Zeng in the early Warring States period found in Suizhou, Hubei area in 1978, one of them inscribed three Chinese characters “Shang Shang Mu” on both of positive and profile sides of the bell. The Yanzhang Bells of king of Chu should be decorated with decorative pattern on positive side but without buttons, their shapes were the same as the bells with button unearthed from the first Chu tomb of Tian Xing Guan in Jianglin, Hubei area. Two characters of “Shang” should be repeated inscribed, both characters of “Shang” and “Mu” was the scale name, which probably was minor third interval relations. “Mu” was equivalent to the traditional scale name of Qingjiao, its meaning could be explain each other with “He”, and both of them belongs to the fourth in new of diatonic scale.
Key Words:Yanzhang Bells of king of Chu, Bianzhong of Marquis Yi of Zeng, “Shang Shang Mu”, scale name, interval