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【中国音乐史】从《宣和奉使高丽图经》看中国音乐东传

曾美月

摘要:《宣和奉使高丽图经》是研究宋代音乐东传高丽的重要资料,其独特的音乐史料价值为其他宋代史籍所不具备。它反映了高丽卤簿鼓吹乐效仿中国,乐器使用中国之制并融合本国特点,其“忌乐”期间持而不奏的礼仪也来自中国等历史细节。《高丽图经》反映出,北宋熙宁、元丰年间,两国之间的音乐交流颇为频繁,高丽国王王徽曾向宋神宗请教与请赐中国宫廷音乐,并自此形成求学于中国音乐的传统、且至少延续至北宋政和年间。

关键词:《宣和奉使高丽图经》;中国音乐东传;史料价值

From Xuan He Feng Shi Goryeo Tu Jing to Watch Chinese Music Spread to the East

ZENG Mei-yue

Abstract: The Xuan He Feng Shi Gaoli Tu Jing was important information for studying the music in Song Dynasty spread to the Gaoli (Korea), its unique historical value for other historical books in Song Dynasty not available. It reflected the a lot of Korea historical details came from China such as Lubu guchui (royalritual music) of Korea emulated Chinese one, music instruments used of Chinese system and integration of Korea own characteristics, its ritual of holding theinstruments but not playing in the period of “music forbidden” also from China. Gaoli Tujing showed that the music exchanges between two countries quite frequently in the years of Xi Ning (1068–1077), Yuan Feng (1078–1085) in Song Dynasty, Munjong of Goryeo consulted the Emperor Shenzong of Song and asked to teach the Chinese royal court music, and since then formed the tradition of studying Chinese music, which at least continued to the year of Zhenghe (1111–1117) in North Song Dynasty.

Key Words:Xuan He Feng Shi Gaoli (Korea) Tu Jing, Chinese music spread to the East, the value of historical materials