《黄钟》编辑部
【民族音乐学】民俗音乐考察方法的反思与探索
——以局外人之“远距观察”:香港“粤曲档”观察为例
2015-06-02  来源:  点击数:

周凯模

摘要:笔者在香港都市民俗音乐文化的多次观察基础上,对传统实地考察方法进行了深度的理论反思及探索,提出了与强调自然空间距离的“近距观察”传统方法不同的文化心理距离之“远距观察”法。这种方法,对文化局外人的“角色处境”——有关传统的、地域的、语言的、音乐心理的及社会特性等多重局外性在实地考察中的“角色定位”、“角色体验”等等,给出了实践探索的新途径并指出:以如是不同视角去进行局外人对民俗音乐的考察,同样可以获得对他者音乐文化从表层表演形式到深层人文结构的诸种文化信息。文章不仅是对实地考察中“观察视角”的方法探索,也是由此去把握如何进入他者民俗文化考察现场而作出的实证性经验阐释。

关键词:民俗音乐;考察方法;反思;远距观察;粤曲档;文化心理距离;角色处境

Introspection and Exploration on the Method of Investigation for Music of Folk-Custom

ZHOU Kai-mou

Abstract: Based on a lot of observations of Hong Kong urban culture in music of folk-custom, the author explored and in-depth theoretical introspected the traditional fieldwork exploring method, and proposed themethod of “observation from long distance”, which focus on cultural psychological distance that different from the traditional way of “closeobservation”, which emphasis on natural space. To the culture outsider of “role situation” – about the “role definition”, “role experience” of the traditional, geographical, linguistic, music psychological, and social characteristics, such as multiple field investigation, this way gave a new approach of practice exploration and pointed out that from different perspectives of outsider to observe the music of folk-custom, it also could obtain various cultural information of musical culture from the surface layer of performance form to the deep structure of the humanities. This paper not only for exploring methods of “viewpoint of observation” in fieldwork, but also explained of positive experience made by how to enter the survey on the scene of folk-custom culture investigation.

Key Words: music of folk-custom, method of investigation, introspection, observation from longdistance, Cantonese music, culture psychology distance, role situation

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