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【民族音乐学】泰国传统乐器的乐律研究

饶文心

摘要:泰国传统乐器的乐律是东方音乐文化研究中独特的乐律现象,自埃利斯论断为“七平均律”之后,百年来东西方学者或从其说或引介转述。根据笔者实地考察过程中的访谈、乐器测音及其分析认为泰国传统乐律为非平均律,西方学者人为平均化音程值是演算的结果与客观音响不符,泰国传统乐律分别围绕频率比10/9(182音分)与11/10(165音分)这两个自然谐音简比音程呈现上下波动。泰国传统乐律与泰民族听觉心理具有一种宽容度。

关键词:泰国传统乐器;非平均律;自然谐音值;宽容度

Study on the Music Temperament of Thai Traditional Musical Instruments

RAO Wen-xin

Abstract: The music temperament of Thai traditional musical instruments is an individual phenomenon of music temperament in research on Oriental musical culture, since Alexander John Ellis conclusion of “seven equal temperament”, both the Eastern and Western scholars had either followed it or introducing paraphrased. According to the author of this paper fieldwork interviews, measurement of pitch of the musical instrument with its analysis, it was believed that the Thai traditional music temperament have been non-equal temperament, the average interval value by Western scholars being the result of calculation that not accord with objective acoustics. The Thai traditional temperament respectively around frequency ratio of 10/9 (182 cent) and 11/10 (165 cent), these two natural harmonics intervals presentation of fluctuations up and down. The Thai traditional music temperament and Thai nationality psychoacoustics have a kind of tolerance.

Key Words: Thaitraditional musical instruments, non-equal temperament, value of naturalharmonic, tolerance level, tolerance