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【音乐史论与音乐文献学】20世纪西方艺术音乐的二元性创新特征探讨

曹慧、李兴梧

摘要:音乐史是一门研究人类音乐活动历程的学科,它应当且必须做到尽可能地还原音乐历史的真实状况。20世纪西方艺术音乐领域呈现出两种相互对立的二元性创新,一种为抛弃传统的弃旧标新,另一种为基于传统的立旧出新。两者同时并举、对立统一地汇聚成20世纪西方艺术音乐之历史长河。不过,在目前我国西方音乐史教科书的“20世纪音乐”章节中,普遍存在着强调前者淡化后者的现象。这种片面性表述既有悖于史学学理,又与西方20世纪音乐发展的实际状况不符。笔者希望这种史实与教材相悖现象能引起音乐学术界的重视并给予修正。

关键词:20世纪;西方艺术音乐;历史;创新;教材;问题

Explore the Duality Innovation Characteristic of the 20th Century Western Art Music

CAO Hui & LI Xing-wu

Abstract: The musical history is a discipline to study of human activity course; it shall and has to do as much as possible to restore the true state of musical history. There were two contradictory duality innovation existed in the field of 20th century Western art music, one was to abandon the traditional that discarding the old and starting new in order to be different, the other was based on the traditional that bring forth the new through the old. Simultaneously, both of them unity of opposite formed the history of 20th century Western art music. However, in the section “20th century music” of the textbook related to the Western music history in China at present, there were existed the widespread phenomenon that stressed the former and diluted the latter. This one-sided statement was contrary to the scientific principle of historiography, but also inconsistent with the actual state of the development of West music in 20th century. The author hope this phenomenon that the historical facts had been different from the teaching material could cause the attention of music academic circles and give corrections.

Key Words: 20th century, Western art music, history, innovation, teaching material, issue