《黄钟》编辑部
【民族音乐学】绝技绝迹乎
——关于“八音联欢、五音联弹、二人联弹”的解读与思考
2015-02-08  来源:  点击数:

商树利

摘要:文章以考证之法,对清末以来关涉“八音联欢”、“五音联弹”两种称谓的文献典籍、音响音像与图片资料进行考证并梳理、解读。通过赏析即将绝迹之绝技表演的音响音像资料,力求溯本求源,探寻因曲艺(弹词说书)表演而生成的名为“八音联欢”的器乐合奏形式为“源”;其流传百年出现盛极必衰趋势之后,简化而成至今仍然可见的“五音联弹”形式乃为“流”。“流”之变则是海派京剧为代表的诸剧种借用“五音联弹”一词改革发展创造出多人联唱、对唱的新形式。

关键词:八音联欢;五音联弹;考证

Do Unique Skill Disappear – Decipherment and Reflect on “Ba Yin Lian Huan, Wu Yin Lian Tan, Er Ren Lian Tan”

SHANG Shu-li

Abstract: This paper was decipherment and sorting out that the literatures and documents, materials of audio-video and pictures related to two titles of “Ba yin lianhuan” and “Wu yin lian tan” since the late Qing Dynasty. Through appreciation of audiovisual materials about unique skill performing that would be soon disappear, strive to tracing the source of, explored the “origin” of instruments ensemble pattern of “Ba yin lian huan”, which named because of Qu yi (story telling) performance; after a hundred years of handing down it appeared the declining tendency, then simplified the form of “Wu yin lian tan” that still visible nowadays. The Shanghai style of Beijing Opera as a representative of various local operas borrowed the term “Wu yin lian tan” to reform and develops a new pattern of several players mixed singing or duet.

Key Words: Ba yin lianhuan, Wu yin lian tan, textual research

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