《黄钟》编辑部
【民族音乐学】长阳南曲缘起《桃花扇》之考析
2015-02-08  来源:  点击数:

陈琼、杨容

摘要:“缘起《桃花扇》说”是众多长阳南曲起源说中指向最具体、最明确的学说,但局限于没有发现相关文献资料、地方志和考古记录对二者的缘起关系的明确记载,使之陷入“飞来峰”的尴尬境地。笔者通过对长阳南曲所处的政治环境、历史流变、文化背景、传承地域、起源时间等客观因素进行纵向研究,通过对长阳南曲的构成元素、艺术特性、表演形式、传承方式等主观因素进行横向研究,阐述此学说的可能性,以求证长阳南曲缘起《桃花扇》是一个真实的命题。

关键词:长阳南曲;改土归流;《桃花扇》;田舜年;顾彩;巴曲

On Investigation and Analysis of Changyang Nan Qu Origin of Tao Hua Shan

CHEN Qiong & YANG Rong

Abstract: That the “saying of originated at Tao Hua Shan (The Peach Blossom Fan)” was the most specific and clear one among various views about the origin of Nan Qu in Chang yang area, but since there no clear-cut record about the originated relationship between these two to be found in related document literature, local chronicles, and recording of archaeological, which made this saying into awkward situation. Through lengthways researching on the objective factors of Nan Qu in Chang yang such as its political environment, historical development, cultural background, inheriting regional, beginning time, and through the cross-sectional study on its subjective factors such as component element, artistic characteristics, performing pattern, inheritance method, the author expounded the possibility and feasibility of this saying, in order to seek confirmation of that Chang yang Nan Qu originated at Tao Hua Shan was a true proposition.

Key Words: Nan Qu in Chang yang area,Tao Hua Shan(The Peach Blossom Fan), Tian Shunnian (1639~1706), Gu Cai (1650~1718), ba qu (a kind of folk song)

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