《黄钟》编辑部
【民族音乐学】声音生态观念下的蒙古族双声合唱“潮林道”
2015-02-08  来源:  点击数:

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摘要:蒙古人的声音观念中,潮尔音乐之一的双声部合唱“潮林道”与草原上回荡着的“潮日亚”(回声)有着类比关系,这种“以声拟声”的认知形成了蒙古人对于潮林道的声音地方感。同时,锡盟蒙古人对潮林道的低声部“潮尔”之特殊声音形态亦有着与生灵之声相关的生动比喻。音乐与自然声音生态的和谐统一在中亚多个少数民族的音乐文化当中均有体现,构成一个浑然自足的声音生态系统,也成为一个超越族缘与地缘的深远论题。

关键词:蒙古族;潮尔;双声合唱;潮林道;声音生态;声音地方感

Mongolian Double Voices Combined “Chao Lin Dao” under the Concepts of Acoustic Ecology

XU Xin

Abstract: In Mongolian conception of sounding, the double voices combined “Chao Lin Dao” is one of the Chao Er music, which has an analogy relationship with “Chao Ri Ya” (echo), this kind of cognitive “with the sound onomatopoeia” formed Mongolian’s sound sense of place to Chao Lin Dao. And meanwhile, the Xilin Gol League Mongolian has a vivid metaphor for the special sounding modal of “Chao Er” low voice. The harmony and unity of music with nature sounds could be showed in musical culture of many national minorities in Central Asia, which constituted a totally self-contained acoustic ecology system, it also become a topic beyond the edge of the far-reaching nationality and areas.

Key Words: the Mongol nationality ,Chao Er, Double Voice ,acoustic ecology, Chao Lin Dao, sound sense of place

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