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【作曲技术理论】20世纪初线性对位的逻辑与规则

刘永平

摘要:20世纪初的西方现代音乐,进入了脱离主调、回到或更新复调的转变时期,在创作中强调对位法被视为削弱调性功能和声的有效途径,其中“线性对位”的产生与发展,不仅成为寻求新音乐创作道路的一个重要“起点”,也为后来音乐风格的转变、作曲技术的创新和多元化写作的形成,奠定了重要的理论基础,在现代复调发展史上有着划时代的意义。为此,文章拟对近现代音乐中线性对位的技术逻辑、与传统对位技术的历史渊源、以及在实际写作中的音高组织规则等,在笔者以往研究的基础上进行了再探讨。

关键词:20世纪初;线性对位;复调技法;技术逻辑;不协和独立

On the Rule and Logic of Linear Counterpoint in the early 20th Century

LIU Yong-ping

Abstract: The Western modern music in early 20th century entered the transition period that had broken away from homophonic texture and returned or renewed to polyphonic one. To emphasize the counterpoint in composition was regarded as an effective way to weaken thefunction of tonal harmony, which appearing and developing of “linear counterpoint” not only become an important “starting point” for seeking new music creation, but also laid an important theoretical foundation for changing the later music style and innovation of compositional technique as well as formation of diversity writing, which had been an epoch-making significance in the history of developing modern polyphony. Based on the author’s previous research, this article re-explored the linear counterpoint in modern music on aspects oftechnical logic, its historical origin with technique of traditional counterpoint, the rule of pitch organization in actual writing, and so on.

Key Words: the early 20th century, linear counterpoint, technique of counterpoint, technical logic, dissonant independence