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【作曲技术理论】勃拉姆斯交响曲的特定格局

张璟

摘要:勃拉姆斯的四部交响曲,能够同时体现出对“贝多芬传统”的直接继承,对浪漫主义“风格时尚”的选择吸纳,特别是形成了有别于他人的独特个性。从四部交响曲内部乐章的结构处理来看,每部交响曲的前两乐章都更多地保持着古典传统,而后两乐章则更多地体现出个性风格,它们使勃拉姆斯交响曲形成了独特的格局,进而使四部交响曲在曲式结构上显现出“关联性”与“整体性”。该文从一个角度揭示出勃拉姆斯交响曲以经典的形式、深刻的内涵、独树一帜的风格而具有堪与贝多芬和巴赫相比肩的艺术价值。

关键词:勃拉姆斯;交响曲;曲式

On the Specific Pattern of Brahms’ Symphonies

ZHANG Jing

Abstract: That Brahms’ four symphonies could simultaneously reflect the direct successor of the “Beethoven traditions” and selection to absorb the “stylish fashion” of the Romanticism, especially the formation of a unique personality different from the others. From dealing with the structureof the internal movement of four symphonies, it showed that the first two movements of each symphony had been more kept on classical tradition, while the last two movements were more to reflect individual character style, which made Brahms symphonies form a unique pattern, and further more to made the four symphonies appeared the “relevance” and “integrity” on the formal structures. From one perspective, this paper revealed that with classic form, profound connotation, and unique style, the Brahms’ symphonies possess the same artistic value as ones of Beethoven and Bach.

Key Words: Johannes Brahms (1835~1897), symphony, form