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【音乐史论与音乐美学】“音乐季”于近代中国发轫的历史述评

王艳莉

摘要:“音乐季”在中国是个舶来品,它为交响乐团纳入职业化轨道、实现管理程序化、促进艺术进入市场及市场国际化提供了必要条件,是体现一个交响乐团职业化进程的关键环节。中国人自己组建的交响乐团实施音乐季是很晚近的事情,然追溯音乐季于中国的发轫却是在20世纪初叶,其首先由“上海工部局乐队”(上海交响乐团的前身)引进,并通过多样化作品、专业化演出场所、职业化管理逐渐在近代中国呈现出这一新型的音乐模式,为20世纪上半叶中国管弦乐团乃至今天的交响乐团的职业化进程提供了参照。

关键词:音乐季;上海工部局乐队;音乐作品;演出场所;职业化管理

Review on the Beginning of the History of “Music Season” in China

WANG Yan-li

Abstract:The “music season” was an imported affair in China, and it provided the necessary condition to thesymphony orchestra into the professional track, implementation management programmed and promoted art enter in the market with it internationalization that being a key processes to professionalization of symphony orchestra. It wasvery recently for the symphony orchestra organized by Chinese itself to carrying through the music season, but went back to the beginning of the music season in China had been in the early 20th century, while its first by the “Orchestra of Shanghai Municipal Committee” (the predecessor of ShanghaiSymphony Orchestra), and through diversification works, specialization performances places, and professional management, it gradually appeared a new music model in modern China, which provided a reference for the professional process of Chinese orchestra in the first half of the 20th century till the symphony orchestra nowadays.

Key Words: music season, band of Shanghai Municipal Committee, music work, performance place, professional management