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【音乐史论与音乐美学】作为仪仗乐队性质的黄门鼓吹
2014-09-23  来源:  点击数:

陶成涛

要:鼓吹乐在西汉时期地位不高,主要原因是由于鼓吹乐当时属于宫廷俗乐(黄门倡乐),隶属于少府,只是武宣时期皇帝出行偶尔用之,未能进入国家音乐机构(太常寺乐府)之中。自东汉开始,“黄门鼓吹”作为仪仗乐队开始广泛使用于皇族、王公、将相的道路出行仪仗及赏赐、丧葬仪仗中,大大提高了鼓吹乐曲的实际地位,促使了鼓吹乐曲走向雅正化,并最终使鼓吹乐曲在西晋时期正式进入国家雅乐系统。因此,黄门鼓吹的仪仗乐队应用对鼓吹乐曲的雅正化产生了最直接的推动作用。鼓吹乐曲雅正化完成之后,才会产生自曹魏至隋唐歌颂开国皇帝武功圣德的鼓吹乐章。

关键词:鼓吹;仪仗乐队;黄门鼓吹

On Huangmen Guchui as the Function of Ceremonial Band

TAO Cheng-tao

Abstract: The position of guchui music was unimportant during the Western Han Dynasty, because the original quality of guchui music belongs to the palace folk music at the department of Shaofu, which served personally for the entertainmentof the emperor himself but not for the national ceremony of the empire. The ceremonial band use was started from Eastern Han Dynasty in the royal family, princes group, generals and ministers. That actually significantly improved the position of guchui music and made it develop towards elegance and ritualization. Therefore, the ceremonial band quality of huangmen guchui was the primary and direct impetus for that great advance. When the elegance and ritualization reasonably completed, the odes singing praises to the founding emperor’s military contributions follows.

Key Words:guchui (a kind of music generally played with the percussion and blowing instrument), ceremonial band, huangmen guchui

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