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【宗教音乐】明代皇家道士朱权及其音乐理论研究

张泽洪

摘要:明代皇家道士朱权有关道教音乐的论述,显示出其对道教音乐理论的探索和思考。论文以史籍道经中朱权的音乐撰著为线索,通过朱权《天皇至道太清玉册》之《天乐仪仗章》和《太和正音谱》音乐史料的考察分析,以说明历史上道门人士对道教音乐理论的贡献。认为明代皇家道士朱权的音乐造诣,是道教神仙思想长期浸润所致。

关键词:朱权;皇家道士;道教音乐;《太和正音谱》

中图分类号:J616.1    文献标识码:A    DOI:10.3969/j.issn1003-7721.2014.02.000

作者简介:张泽洪(1955~),男,哲学博士,四川大学宗教·哲学与社会研究创新基地学术带头人,四川大学道教与宗教文化研究所教授、博士生导师(成都610064)。

收稿日期:2014-01-09

Research on Zhu Quan, RoyalTaoist in Ming Dynasty, with His Music Theory

ZHANG Ze-hong

Abstract: Zhu Quanwas a royal Taoist in Ming Dynasty and his discussion of Taoist music showinghis exploration and thought on the theory of Taoist music. With Zhu Quan music writings as a clue, through investigating and analyzing the music historical materialsofTaihe Zhengyin Pu (music score) and Tianhuang Zhidao Taiqingyu Ce (the Most Pure and Precious Books on the Way of August Heaven), this paper explained the Taoists contribution to the theory of Taoist music. It considered that Zhu Quan’s musicianship has beencaused by long-term infiltration Taoist immortals thoughts.

Key Words: Zhu Quan (1378~1448), Royal Taoist, Taoism music, Taihe Zhengyin Pu (music score)